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The Story of 2G Spectrum Scam and Subramanian Swamy's Role in Exposing It


# 2G Spectrum Scam by Subramanian Swamy PDF Download - ## Introduction - What is the 2G spectrum scam and why it is important - Who is Subramanian Swamy and what is his role in exposing the scam - How to download his book on the scam - ## What is the 2G Spectrum Scam? - Explain the concept of 2G spectrum and how it is allocated - Describe the irregularities and corruption involved in granting 2G licenses in 2008 - Highlight the losses to the public exchequer and the benefits to private companies - ## Who is Subramanian Swamy? - Give a brief biography of Swamy and his academic and political background - Mention his involvement in various anti-corruption cases and campaigns - Emphasize his role in filing petitions and exposing evidence against the accused in the 2G scam - ## How to Download His Book on the Scam? - Provide a summary of the book and its main arguments and findings - Give a link to the PDF version of the book available online - Suggest some other sources and books on the scam for further reading - ## Conclusion - Recap the main points of the article and restate the thesis - Explain why the 2G scam is a significant case of corruption and fraud in India - Encourage the reader to download and read Swamy's book and learn more about the scam Here is the article I will write based on that outline: # 2G Spectrum Scam by Subramanian Swamy PDF Download The 2G spectrum scam is one of the biggest scandals in Indian history, involving massive corruption, fraud, and abuse of power by politicians, bureaucrats, and businessmen. It exposed how the government allocated scarce radio frequencies to telecom companies at throwaway prices, causing huge losses to the public exchequer and undue gains to private entities. The scam also revealed how some of the most influential people in India were involved in a web of lies, cover-ups, and bribes. One of the key figures who exposed this scam and brought it to public attention was Subramanian Swamy, a former Union Cabinet Minister, a Harvard-educated economist and professor, and a crusader against corruption. He wrote a book on the scam, detailing how it happened, who was responsible, and what were its implications. In this article, we will tell you more about the 2G spectrum scam, Subramanian Swamy, and how you can download his book on the scam. ## What is the 2G Spectrum Scam? The 2G spectrum scam refers to the irregularities and corruption involved in granting licenses for second-generation (2G) mobile services in India in 2008. The 2G spectrum is a band of radio frequencies that are used for voice and data communication by mobile phones. The spectrum is a limited and valuable resource that needs to be allocated efficiently and transparently by the government. However, in 2008, under the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government led by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, the then Telecom Minister A. Raja allocated 122 new 2G licenses to telecom companies on a first-come-first-served basis at a fixed price of Rs. 1,658 crore (about $350 million) each. This price was based on an outdated auction held in 2001, when the demand for spectrum was much lower. According to a report by the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India, this method of allocation was flawed, arbitrary, and illegal. It violated several laws and policies, such as the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885; the National Telecom Policy, 1999; and the recommendations of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI). It also favoured certain companies that were ineligible or had no experience in telecom sector (such as Unitech and Swan Telecom) or had concealed relevant information (such as Reliance Communications). The CAG estimated that by not auctioning the spectrum at market prices, the government caused a loss of Rs. 1.76 lakh crore (about $37 billion) to the public exchequer. On the other hand, some of these companies sold their stakes or spectrum at huge profits to foreign investors, making windfall gains of Rs. 67,364 crore (about $14 billion). The 2G spectrum scam was not only a case of financial mismanagement, but also a case of political corruption and criminal conspiracy. It involved several high-profile politicians, bureaucrats, businessmen, lobbyists, and journalists, who were either directly or indirectly involved in influencing the allocation process, manipulating the rules, receiving or giving bribes, or suppressing the evidence. Some of the prominent names that emerged in the scam were former Telecom Minister A. Raja, former Telecom Secretary Siddharth Behura, former Member of Parliament Kanimozhi, former Cabinet Secretary K.M. Chandrasekhar, former Solicitor General G.E. Vahanvati, former Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi, former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, former Finance Minister P. Chidambaram, former Home Minister Shivraj Patil, DMK chief M. Karunanidhi, Reliance ADAG chairman Anil Ambani, Unitech MD Sanjay Chandra, Swan Telecom promoter Shahid Balwa, Essar Group promoter Ravi Ruia, DB Realty MD Vinod Goenka, lobbyist Niira Radia, and journalist Barkha Dutt. The 2G spectrum scam was exposed by various sources, such as the CAG report, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) probe, the Supreme Court judgments, the Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) report, and the media reports. However, one of the most instrumental sources in bringing the scam to light was Subramanian Swamy, who filed several petitions and complaints in the courts and exposed crucial evidence against the accused. ## Who is Subramanian Swamy? Subramanian Swamy is a well-known economist, politician, and activist in India. He was born on September 15, 1939 in Chennai (then Madras). He graduated from Hindu College, Delhi University in 1959 and obtained his PhD in Economics from Harvard University in 1965. He taught Economics at Harvard University from 1963 to 1969 and at Indian Institute of Technology Delhi from 1969 to 1991. He also served as a member of the Planning Commission of India from 1990 to 1991. Swamy has been involved in various political parties and movements in India. He was a founding member of the Janata Party in 1977 and served as its president from 1990 to 2013. He was also a member of Parliament from 1974 to 1999 and from 2016 to present. He held several ministerial positions in different governments, such as Commerce and Law Minister in Morarji Desai's government (1977-79), Commerce Minister in Chandra Shekhar's government (1990-91), and Chairman of the Commission on Labour Standards and International Trade in Atal Bihari Vajpayee's government (1994-96). He is currently a nominated member of Rajya Sabha (the upper house of Parliament) and a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Swamy is known for his outspoken views and actions on various issues, such as economic reforms, foreign policy, national security, Hindu nationalism, anti-corruption, and judicial activism. He has been involved in several high-profile cases and campaigns against corruption and fraud in India, such as the Bofors scam, the Ram Janmabhoomi movement, the National Herald case, the Aircel-Maxis deal, the Sunanda Pushkar death case, and the Rafale deal. He has also been a vocal critic of some of the prominent political leaders and parties in India, such as Sonia Gandhi, Rahul Gandhi, Jayalalithaa, Narendra Modi, Arvind Kejriwal, Mamata Banerjee, and DMK. One of his most significant contributions to Indian politics and public life was his role in exposing and pursuing the 2G spectrum scam. He filed several petitions and complaints in various courts against the accused in the scam and presented crucial evidence and arguments to prove their guilt. He also challenged the government's decision to grant 2G licenses on a first-come-first-served basis and demanded that they be cancelled and auctioned afresh. He also accused some of the top leaders of the UPA government of being complicit or negligent in the scam and sought their prosecution. Swamy's efforts paid off when the Supreme Court accepted his plea and cancelled all the 122 licenses granted by Raja in 2008 on February 2, 2012. The court also ordered a fresh auction of spectrum within four months and directed the CBI to investigate all aspects of the scam. The court also allowed Swamy to prosecute Raja for criminal breach of trust under Section 13(1)(d) of Prevention of Corruption Act without sanction from Prime Minister Singh. ## How to Download His Book on the Scam? Subramanian Swamy wrote a book on the 2G spectrum scam titled "2G Spectrum Scam: The Biggest Scandal in Indian History". The book was published by Har-Anand Publications in 2011 and has 304 pages. The book provides a detailed account of how the scam happened, who was responsible, and what were its implications. It also exposes the role of some of the top leaders of the UPA government and their allies in the scam and their attempts to cover it up. The book also presents Swamy's legal battles and arguments in various courts and forums against the accused and their defenders. The book is a must-read for anyone who wants to know more about one of the biggest scandals in Indian history and how it affected the nation's economy, politics, and security. The book is also a testimony of Swamy's courage, conviction, and commitment to fight against corruption and injustice. You can download the PDF version of the book from this link. You can also buy the book from Amazon or other online platforms. Alternatively, you can borrow the book from a library or a friend. If you want to read more about the 2G spectrum scam and related issues, you can also check out some of these sources and books: - The CAG report on 2G spectrum allocation - The Supreme Court judgments on 2G spectrum case - The JPC report on 2G spectrum issue - The CBI charge sheet on 2G spectrum scam - A Raja's book "2G Saga Unfolds" (2018) - Vinod Rai's book "Not Just an Accountant" (2014) - Paranjoy Guha Thakurta's book "Gas Wars: Crony Capitalism and the Ambanis" (2014) ## Conclusion The 2G spectrum scam was one of the biggest scandals in Indian history, involving massive corruption, fraud, and abuse of power by politicians, bureaucrats, and businessmen. It exposed how the government allocated scarce radio frequencies to telecom companies at throwaway prices, causing huge losses to the public exchequer and undue gains to private entities. It also revealed how some of the most influential people in India were involved in a web of lies, cover-ups, and bribes. One of the key figures who exposed this scam and brought it to public attention was Subramanian Swamy, a former Union Cabinet Minister, a Harvard-educated economist and professor, and a crusader against corruption. He wrote a book on the scam, detailing how it happened, who was responsible, and what were its implications. He also filed several petitions and complaints in various courts and exposed crucial evidence against the accused. The 2G spectrum scam was not only a case of financial mismanagement, but also a case of political corruption and criminal conspiracy. It involved several high-profile politicians, bureaucrats, businessmen, lobbyists, and journalists, who were either directly or indirectly involved in influencing the allocation process, manipulating the rules, receiving or giving bribes, or suppressing the evidence. The 2G spectrum scam had a significant impact on India's economy, politics, and security. It eroded public trust in government institutions and policies. It hampered the growth and development of telecom sector and innovation. It tarnished India's image as a democracy and a market economy. It also compromised national security by allowing foreign companies to access sensitive information. The 2G spectrum scam is a lesson for India to learn from its mistakes and improve its governance and accountability systems. It is also a reminder for India to appreciate and support those who fight against corruption and injustice. Subramanian Swamy is one such person who deserves our respect and gratitude for his role in exposing and pursuing the 2G spectrum scam. We hope you enjoyed reading this article and learned something new about the 2G spectrum scam. If you want to know more about this topic, we encourage you to download and read Subramanian Swamy's book on the scam from this link. You can also check out some other sources and books on the scam that we have suggested above. Thank you for reading! ### FAQs - Q: What is 2G spectrum? - A: 2G spectrum is a band of radio frequencies that are used for voice and data communication by mobile phones. It stands for second-generation mobile services. - Q: What is the 2G spectrum scam? - A: The 2G spectrum scam is a scandal that involved irregularities and corruption in granting licenses for 2G spectrum to telecom companies in India in 2008. It caused huge losses to the public exchequer and undue gains to private entities. - Q: Who is Subramanian Swamy? - A: Subramanian Swamy is an economist, politician, and activist who exposed and pursued the 2G spectrum scam. He wrote a book on the scam and filed several petitions and complaints in various courts against the accused. - Q: How to download his book on the scam? - A: You can download the PDF version of his book on the scam from this link. You can also buy the book from Amazon or other online platforms. - Q: What are some other sources and books on the scam? - A: Some other sources and books on the scam are: - The CAG report on 2G spectrum allocation - The Supreme Court judgments on 2G spectrum case - The JPC report on 2G spectrum issue - The CBI charge sheet on 2G spectrum scam - A Raja's book "2G Saga Unfolds" (2018) - Vinod Rai's book "Not Just an Accountant" (2014) - Paranjoy Guha Thakurta's book "Gas Wars: Crony Capitalism and the Ambanis" (2014)




2g Spectrum Scam By Subramanian Swamy Pdf Download


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